Gallery number: 26 – Ground Floor
Period: Middle Kingdom
Dynasty: Dynasty 11, Reign of Mentuhotep II (ca. 1980-1940 BC)
Size: Height 138 cm
Place of discovery: Thebes West, Deir el-Bahari, Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep II
Material: Painted Sandstone
This life-size seated statue of the king Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II (names meaning: «The Lord of the rudder is Ra» and «Montu is satisfied») considered the reunifier of Egypt after the First Intermediate Period and the first king of the Middle Kingdom was discovered wrapped in fine linen in 1900 by Howard Carter inside the subterranean chamber of the mortuary complex of this king at Deir el Bahari (Thebes West). The king is represented seated on a cubic throne, wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt a short white cloak associated with the jubilee festival with the divine beard, the arms crossed and the hands that originally held the royal insignia, the crook, and the flail. The skin of the statue is painted in black color connected with the god Osiris with whom the king is identified.